Diving Into The History Of Dental Implants

Diving Into The History Of Dental Implants

When it comes to one of the most damaging oral health issues, tooth loss tends to be the first in that category. Thus, it shouldn’t come as a surprise to learn that tooth loss is a common dental complication. However, the good news is that – due to the advancement of science & technology – patients have various treatments on offer when tooth loss takes place. And one of them includes dental implants. 

Dental implants are regarded to be one of the most effective tooth replacement options in the modern-day & age. Dental implants in Melbourne are small titanium screws that connect with the patient’s jawbone so that stable & strong support for dental restorations can take place. But, you must remember that it took multiple centuries for humankind to perfect & establish the kind of dental implant treatment that we see today. Since dental implants have a long history, it’s an ideal topic to discuss in this comprehensive guide.

The Ancient Remedies For Tooth Loss

Even though dental implants are relatively new in the field of dentistry, tooth loss is an ancient phenomenon. There has been substantial evidence that tooth loss was a concern for people who were living in ancient civilisations. Moreover, evidence has also shown that proper attempts were also made to address such a problem. 

Back in the day, tooth loss treatments varied based on where the patient was located. Some ancient tooth replacement options include:

  • Animal teeth
  • Bamboo
  • Human teeth
  • Bones
  • Metals

The Invention Of Osseointegration

Over the years, humans have developed a wider understanding of advanced dental practices & oral health. Even then, the pursuit of dental implant materials & designs was still worked upon, without finding the perfect solution. The primary problems that were faced included:

  • Human body’s rejection of foreign objects
  • Lack of proper stability
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However, in the year 1952, an orthopaedic surgeon, named Per-Ingvar Branemark, discovered the process of osseointegration. The surgeon was studying the process of blood flow and bone healing when he placed a cylinder made from titanium, inside a rabbit’s bone. Once the study was completed, he decided to remove the titanium cylinder but was impossible. Why? Well, the rabbit bone had already grown around the titanium cylinder, which made it a permanent part of the bone. 

As a result, such an accidental discovery lead to the discovery of osseointegration, which was found to be beneficial in various fields of medicine as well as dental treatments.

The First Use Of Dental Implant

It can be easily concluded that the discovery of osseointegration leads to the proper discovery of dental implant treatments. It was found that the same concept & process can be utilised to hold an implant or metal screw, in place of a lost tooth, so that it can act as an artificial tooth root. 

The first dental implant surgery was carried out in the year 1965, with the help of a human volunteer. The process claimed to be a success and over time the dental implant technique & design evolved to be a better one. 

In the modern-day & age, a dental implant is defined by a tiny titanium screw that is placed within the jawbone of the patient. Once enough time has been provided for healing, the screw is then attached to a small mental structure and then to a dental restoration.